Best Practices Benefit from PFCG Roles Naming Conventions
SAP Security Automation
SAP*: The SAP* user is part of the SAP kernel, and since it is hard-coded in the SAP system, it does not require a user master set. If there is no user master set for SAP*, anyone can log on to the SAP system after rebooting with this user, as the default password will then apply. The user thus has access to all functions, since Authority Checks in this case do not take effect. You can prevent this behaviour by setting the login/no_automatic_user_sapstar profile parameter to 1. If you want to copy clients, you have to set this parameter to 0 again before you do so, because the user SAP* is required for this. Safeguard measures: Despite the parameter setting, the SAP user should have a user master set in all clients. However, you should remove all profiles and lock the user. In addition, change the password, assign the user to the SUPER user group, and log it with the Security Audit Log.
Most client programmes are additions to the standard functionalities or variations of the same. Therefore, when you create your own programmes, you can follow the eligibility checks of the standard programmes or reuse the permissions checks used there.
SAP Security Concepts
SAP authorizations control the access options of users in an SAP system - for example, to personal data. Secure management of this access is essential for every company. This makes authorization concepts, authorization tools and automated protection of the SAP system all the more important in order to meet the stringent legal requirements with little administrative effort.
If your users are allowed to share their own background jobs, you need the JOBACTION = RELE permission to the S_BTCH_JOB object. In this case, you can start all jobs at the desired time. In many cases, background jobs are used for the professional or technical operation of applications; Therefore, we recommend that you schedule these background jobs under a System-Type technical user (see also Tip 6, "Note the impact of user types on password rules"). The advantage of this is that the permissions can be controlled more accurately and you do not run the risk of a job being lost if the user under whom it was scheduled to leave your company once. You can realise the association with a system user by giving the user who plans the job permission for the S_BTCH_NAM object. In the BTCUNAME field, the name of the step user, i.e. the user under whom the job should run, such as MUSTERMANN, is entered.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
This value is set by default.
The call is made through the transaction SE37.